Do it Yourself Prairie Chicken Hunting

prairie chicken hunting

The saying here is “Winner Winner, Prairie Chicken Dinner” or DIY Prairie Chicken Hunting Tips.

For many upland hunters, the Greater Prairie Chicken (Tympanuchus Cupido) is on the top of the hit list for birds to harvest and mount. They are more common than the lesser prairie chicken. More particularly, these birds are known for their unique breeding behavior and mating rituals. It’s nearly impossible to get close enough for a wing shot opportunity in their residence among chewed-through cow pastures. But after many failed attempts and a handful of successful ones, these Prairie Chicken hunting DIY tips ought to help you bag a few more of these strutting upland game birds.

Just like any other bounty offered by Mother Nature, understanding the habits and habitat are imperative if you want to have a story to tell around the camp fire. Greater Chickens currently reside in 10 states in the the lower 48. The strongest concentrations are located in Kansas and Nebraska. Don’t waste your time kicking the CRP (Conservation Reserve Program) elsewhere. In Kansas, the Flint Hills are above and beyond the best habitat and harbor the largest concentration of these birds in the nation.  The Flint Hills of Kansas more specifically span from the Oklahoma boarder all the way north to Nebraska. Focusing efforts in these areas—home to the most abundant booming grounds—increases the odds of a harvest.

Booming grounds, also known as leks, are heavy concentrations of male Prairie Cocks shaking their stuff in hopes of proving they are the dominant bird! When fall descends, these birds can be found in similar pastures with surrounding CRP grasses, grain and a source of water. At this point in the season, the birds are coveyed up and often stay in large groups. Large groups means lots of eyes. Lots of eyes means 200 yard wild flushes and a frustrated bird dog and handler. But with a knowledge of the birds down, you should be well on your way to scouting a land full of good chicken habitat.

fetching feathers

Author and owner of Fetching Feathers with a Prairie Chicken double in South Dakota.

Getting on Prairie Chickens before the mid-morning graze in the short stubble of their afternoon pastures puts the odds in the hunter’s favor. These birds roost and nest on the ground in thicker CRP type cover. It’s harder for those pesky eyes to spot a hunter and a dog in the thick stuff. Get up early and get after it! The Greater P. Chicken acts and behaves much likes its cousin, the Sharp-tailed Grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus). They both prefer the sunny side of the hills in the early mornings, since they wake up to a dew covered prairie and a potential frost. Sunbathing in the morning is a guarantee for these birds. We can use this to our advantage.

With the sun rising in the east, and the east side hills warming up first, it might be good to hunt from the west. Walking west to east allows the hunter to crest the back, shady side of the hills coming over the top of the morning roosted birds. By doing this, it allows the hunter to have the element of surprise as the birds have less time to spot the danger coming. Even if the wind is not in favor for the scent cone of the dogs, hunting west to east ensures more shots on target and happier dog mouths full of feather.

The most desperate of tactics is the ambush method. Prairie Chickens are creatures of habit and can be scouted and studied much more so than any other upland species. You can watch them in their routines as they fly over the exact same fence post every night from a roosting field to a feeding pasture and then from the feeding pasture back to the exact same evening roost field. Grab a few road-legal cold beverages, a pair of binoculars—and get to glassing. Once you’ve located a group, mark the flyover location and come back the following evening.

It’s not uncommon for hunters to successfully ambush shoot these birds in the last two hours of shooting light. Whether there is a good ditch to hunker down in or a thick main fence in the area, sit tight and wait for the flyover! The ambush method is not as sporting nor as exhilarating as shooting over a pointed dog, but it is a proven method that will produce a puffed up strutted mounter!

Understanding the bird’s habits, hunting the sunny side of hills on early mornings from the west to east—paired with some good old fashion luck—produces more shooting opportunities for the elusive Greater Prairie Chicken. If all else fails, run a spot and stalk or ambush to let them have it on the flyover! At the end of the day, nothing produces more birds than getting out early and kicking brush. Hunt hard, hunt safe and Fetch Feathers.

Last modified: December 2, 2018

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